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Surgical scissors are specialized surgical tools used during an operation for cutting and dissecting the tissues at the surface or inside the rodent’s body. Scissors come in varying shapes and the degree of sharpness. The blades of the scissor can either be curved or straight. Sharpened edges are usually used to cut and dissect the hard muscles and tissues. Scissors are made up of high-grade medical stainless steel. Some scissors are reinforced with tungsten carbide along their cutting edge for hardness. The hardness allows the cutting with sharp edges and makes the cutting easier and smoother. There are about 2000 different types of surgical scissors in use. Scissors are available in a wide range of styles, lengths, and cutting angles to allow the researcher to meet the needs of a range of surgical procedures.
Generally, scissors are classified as operating and dissecting scissors. Operating, or surgical scissors are used to cut soft tissue. Their cutting blades may be straight, curved, blunt or pointed. The type of surgery or operation determines the shape of the cutting blade. Dissecting scissors are employed to isolate and differentiate the tissues as they are more precise than the operating scissors.
Instrument name: Spring Scissor
Other names: Vannas scissors
Description: Delicate scissors with curved tips and heavy blades.
Uses: Spring scissors are used in microsurgery, neurosurgery, and vascular surgery in small animals.
Instrument name: Micro Scissor
Other names: Rhoton micro scissor
Category: Cutting and dissection
Description: Fine-spring operated scissor with either curved or straight tip.
Uses: Micro scissors are used for the microdissection of soft and delicate tissues.
Care And Handling Of Surgical Scissors
Careless handling and use may damage or dull the surface of the instrument. Surgical instrument’s misuse can also endanger the test subjects. To prevent damage, the instruments should be handled individually. They should be placed in the tray carefully and should not be jostled around while setting up for the surgical procedure. The scissors should not be tossed or dropped. To ensure the animal’s safety, instruments should be sterilized and autoclaved before the surgical procedure. The scissors should not be used to cut other items except the tissues or vessels they are meant for. The blood and remaining tissue should be wiped off before reusing the scissor. After the surgical procedure, the scissors should be placed in a sterile solution to eradicate any infectious agents.