The huge variety of National Institute of Health (NIH) funding programs and grants can at best be confusing and outright bewildering on the average. If you are pursuing a certain grant as a new/ junior investigator and are struggling for an independent career or just starting out as an individual seeking federal funding for projects related to social, behavioral, biomedical, and/or clinical research, the NIH institutes and centers (ICs), have got you covered.
First, you must make yourself comfortably familiar with different research project grants, fellowships, career development awards, and multi-project center grants (Powell, 2019)., before deciding upon the specific support fund and subsequent procedure. Understanding the type and purpose of each NIH grant will help you as a researcher to determine the classification of your project. This article is aimed at explaining Program Project Grants – Center Grants (P series) in an easily grasping manner. P-series consists of multi-project grants that are almost always pursued by the group of investigators employed in the long term, multidisciplinary program projects.
Understanding Program Project Grants – Center Grants (P series)
P series grants are large, multi-research, and long term programs, generally involving several scientists in an organized way to work on various aspects of far-reaching research project towards the specific common goal of the whole venture. It is further explained by the NIH designated activity codes to clarify the reach, purpose, and procedure of program project and center grants:
- P01 Research Program Project Grant
- P20 Exploratory Grants
- P30 Center Core Grants
- P50 Specialized Center
P01: It provides assistance to support a system of research projects activities. In other words, an extensive common theme research project subdivided into relatively smaller various projects. P01 also serves as an Investigator-Initiated Program Project PI, who brings in a group of other independent investigators utilizing common resources and knowledge aiming to contribute towards the singular central research focus or goal.
P20: An exploratory grant is a self-explanatory award which provides monetary assistance to support development planning, preliminary facts and figures, and group meetings required to undertake a wide-ranging multi-project program.
P30: Center core grant is funded independently from subdivided projects assigned to a multidisciplinary group of an independent investigator working on joint research programs contributing to the common parent project. P30 provides the assistance needed to organize shared resources and facilities fairly available to every member of the research team.
P50: Specialized center award supports every aspect of the research; whether it’s basic, clinical, or translational. It even provides assistance to projects that may involve additional supportive actions such as extended patient-centered care necessary to the main research. P50 grants, unlike P01, are usually only established after NIH institutes, and centers publish an announcement of a request for applications (RFA) and their methodical needs.
Common Multi-Project Grants Factors
You need to pay special attention to projects collaboration with each other as well as the common goal at the program development stage. The NIH-NIAID requires you to have a minimum of two mutually related projects that are also in correlation with the underline objective of the research program. Both or more of your interrelated projects should also have individual scientific merit to allow separate standing. You need to have one institution decided upon jointly among the members of investigators groups to act as the grantee. This grantee organization will be legally responsible for funds accountability.
When you are ready to apply for a multi-project grant, follow through every NIH and NIAID instruction posted on the active funding opportunity announcement (FOAs). Projects quantity and clinical trial proposals vary according to the FOAs.
Applying for Program Project Grants – Center Grants (P series)
Now that you have a decent idea about the P series program project and center grants’ purpose, let us move on to the procedure leading to successful application submission and review process.
Applying for a multi-project program can be a little more difficult than other awards application processes. You can only apply for a P-series award in response to a request for applications (RFA) announcement unless you are heading an investigator-initiated program project.
Before preparing your application, the sooner you contact a program officer supporting your proposal in the following NIH-NIAID divisions, the better it will be for you to have division’s approval well before the application deadline.
Some of the RFAs for P-series are as follows:
AIDS: The NIH Division of AIDS (DAIDS) – since1986 is committed to the ultimate goal of the national research agenda, which is, Aids Free Generation. The division supports overall research range to develop and advance biological awareness of HIV/AIDS in all its effect along with biomedical research and prevention strategies. The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious extramural clinical trials system for HIV/AIDS has acknowledged bibliometric analyses to be the tool that assists administrators in better understanding of innovative science to address national and global health priorities. (Scott, Jonathan, Jeffrey,