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Biomolecules
Biomolecules

Amino Acids: Building Blocks of Proteins

Introduction and History Amino acids are organic compounds consisting of carbon, hydrogen, and nitrogen. They are monomers or building blocks of proteins. Proteins are one of the major biomolecules required for the proper functioning of living organisms. Moreover, they are the first biomolecules that were first recognized for their biological roles in organisms than the other biomolecules including carbohydrates, nucleic
Biomolecules
Biomolecules

Polysaccharides: Properties, Functions, and Applications

Introduction Polysaccharides are long-chain polymers of monosaccharide units, joined together by glycosidic linkages. They are also known as glycans. They are the most abundant carbohydrates found in food. Carbohydrates are vital macromolecules required for the essential functions of organisms. They are classified into the following three classes depending on two criteria, whether they undergo hydrolysis, and if they do, the
Biomolecules
Biomolecules

Mutarotation: Definition, Mechanism, and Examples

Introduction The phenomenon of mutarotation was discovered in 1846 while a scientist was learning about the properties of glucose, a carbohydrate. Carbohydrates are the most abundant biological molecule on Earth. They are a vital part of people’s healthy diet and perform functions essential to life. Glucose and fructose are the main sources of energy supplied to the body. Ribose and
Biomolecules
Biomolecules

Biomolecules: Types and Functions

Introduction The human body is composed of roughly 30 trillion cells that collectively perform the essential functions of life. The cells can perform these life-sustaining tasks with the help of several organic molecules present in them. These organic molecules are referred to as biomolecules. The biomolecules have a wide range of sizes and structures, and they are involved in a
Spectrophotometer
Laboratory Techniques

A Brief on The NMR Spectroscopy of Proteins

Spectroscopy is “the study of investigation and measurement of the absorption and emission of light or electromagnetic radiation by matter as a function of its wavelength and frequency”. In simple terms, it’s the study of the interaction of light with a matter or substance. Depending on the nature of the interaction between the energy and material, spectroscopy is divided into
Spectrophotometer
Laboratory Techniques

The Nuclear Overhauser Effect

Introduction The nuclear overhauser effect is defined as a change in the integrated intensity of one spin when the equilibrium population of another spin is perturbed by saturation or inversion. So, it is the transfer of nuclear spin polarization from one spin-active nucleus to another. However, the nuclei being irradiated should be closer to the other nuclei, in space, to
academic career
Career

10 Networking Tips To Kickstart Your Graduate Career

The best tips to make your job hunting process easy-peasy A simple meaning of networking is communication. It’s something that we do in our daily lives, with new and existing friends, as well as family members. However, when it comes to “professional networking” - we want to grow connections for job and career advancement purposes. To achieve this, there are
2 Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
Laboratory Techniques

Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)

Magnetic resonance imaging is an advanced, non-invasive diagnostic medical imaging technique that provides three-dimensional images of organs. The discovery of MRI involves a series of successful events that started in 1946 when Felix Bolch proposed the new magnetic properties of the atomic nucleus. He explained the behavior of atoms at tiny magnets, and based on these, NMR tools were developed.