- Even though cancer spreads quickly it is lazy in its choice of migration route.
- According to a new study migrating cancer cells prefer paths of least resistance.
- Such cellular behavior is not just a characteristic of cancer cells. Other metabolic and cellular processes like wound healing and inflammation follow the same paths.
- The researchers suggest that energy costs and inter-cellular space play a key role in the spread of cancer. Also, with the knowledge of such parameters, we may be able to predict its spread through the organism.
About the Research
Scientists working on cancer cells research come from Vanderbilt University and the Department of Biomedical Engendering. Their article is published in the journal Nature Communications and it is titled: Energetic costs regulated by cell mechanics and confinement are predictive of migration path during decision-making.
Cellular Activities of Cancer Cells
Cancer cells navigate the organism on a micro-level. However, we were uncertain about the mechanisms of this navigation or the path it would take. That is why researchers want to understand this process further as it is a hole in our knowledge. Not only that, but such information could help us predict the migrating paths of cancer cells.
The researchers use special metabolic mazes for the testing of cancer migration habits. Through those mazes, they test different factors that could influence cancer migration. With this research they point to two facts about the spread of cancer cells. First, they prefer to use paths that conserve their cellular energy. On the other hand, they move through inter-cellular space that offers the least resistance.
Looking toward the future, the scientists working on this project presume that such knowledge will be useful. This is because it shows that cancer moves in predictable ways. Such facts can help us further cancer treatment.
- This study observes only a few factors of cancer migration. More research needs to be carried out in the future.