The ultrasonic cleaner is a microprocessor-controlled device that uses ultrasonic or high-frequency sound waves to clean the jewelry and other delicate items. Ultrasonic cleaning is based on the cavitation effect caused by high-frequency ultrasonic wave vibration signals in fluid. Microscopic bubbles that expand and rapidly collapse cause cavitation, which creates an effective cleaning action on the surface of the object being cleaned. Additionally, the bubbles are small enough to penetrate even microscopic crevices, cleaning them thoroughly and consistently.
Flow cytometry is a system for rapidly analyzing and differentiating cells or particles as they move in a liquid stream through single or multiple lasers. The laser beam strikes the particles and measures their optical and fluorescent characteristics through light-scattering and fluorescence emission. Light scattering is measured through Forward Scatter (FSC) which indicates the size of the cells, and Side Scatter (SSC) which indicates the cell’s granularity. On the other hand, fluorescent characteristics are measured depending on whether the molecules carry antibodies, dyes, or fluorescent proteins.