The traditional eight radial arm maze has many variants that allow mice, rats, and even primates to display their spatial working memory for the arms that they have visited by avoiding re-entry.
Typically, they do so by relying on their memory for the spatial location of visited arms relative to extra maze landmarks in the testing environment. Extramaze and intramaze cues are key to this process.
An oxygen supply designed for veterinary clinical applications. Using the principle of molecular sieve pressure swing adsorption, using air as raw material, physical separation of high-purity oxygen meets the various clinical needs of veterinarians and is widely used in veterinary clinical operations, postoperative, ICU and first aid oxygen supply.
Microsurgery is performed under magnification employing advanced diploscopes, specialized precision tools, and various operating procedures, based on delicate manipulation of microstructures that require highly precise and reliable instruments.
The microsurgical methods are primarily used for vascular anastomosis, nerve coaptation, tissue transplantation, and reattachment of the amputated body parts of the rodents.
Open Field test is a popular protocol used to assess exploratory behavior and anxiety. Thigmotaxis in the open field is used to evaluate anxiolytic, anxiogenic and even non-pharmacological treatments. Ambulation is the most common behavior studied with this maze, but others such as latency or rearing can also be measured. In addition, objects can be added for a modification similar to the novel object recognition field.
Walls can be both opaque or clear. We recommend that clear walls are used for measurements of anxiety, while opaque walls are used if assessments include novel object recognition.