Description

The Grip Strength Test was developed in the 1970s (Meyer et al ., 1979; Cabe et al., 1978) and is a widely used apparatus to evaluate motor function in rodents such as rats or mice.

The Grip Strength Test apparatus uses both small and large grip plates to match your rodent strain. Our apparatus measures tensile force and easily outputs mean values.

The instrument has an error value elimination function, which can eliminate operational errors in time, eliminate false values ​​and improve the authenticity of the data. The instrument can read instrument data online with a PC.

Our apparatus can be used as either a forelimb grip strength test or a hindlimb grip strength test.

Maze Engineers offers the Grip Strength Test.

Features

Specifications

Maximum tensile force: 0 ~ 2000g
Reading accuracy: 0.1g steps
Release time measure in 0.1s steps
Error: ≤ 0.3g

Outputs

Peak Force
Time Resistance
LED touch screen display

Modifiable

Two grip plates (Mice and Rats)
Optional: custom grids are available

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Price & Dimensions

Grip Strength Test

$ 2900

+S&H
  • Gripping plate area: mouse 20×20 cm and rat 25x25cm
  • stainless steel, detachable gripping plate
  • Power supply voltage: AC 190V-230V 50HZ
  • Power: 20W

Documentation

Introduction

The Grip Strength test  is used in the assessment of neuromuscular function and muscular strength (Meyer et al ., 1979; Cabe et al., 1978). The task measures these attributes by sensing the peak amount of force that is required to make the subject release its grip. The test is part of the functional observational battery (FOB) to examine neurobehavioral toxicity. Impairments of muscular strength and functions can result from neurodegenerative disorders such as Parkinson’s disease, clinical conditions such as motor neuron diseases, dietary deficiencies, or injuries.

The Grip Strength task is performed by gently lifting the subject by its tail and allowing it to grab onto the grip plate with either its forelimbs or hindlimbs. The subject is then pulled until it releases its grip. The force required to make the subject lose its grip is used as a measure of grip strength.

 

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Our activity range

Apparatus & Equipment

The Grip Strength test apparatus consists of a baseplate, a trapezoidal stainless-steel grip, and a force sensor. The sensor is connected to a computer to record the data. The apparatus comes with two size grip plates, large and small, to be used with different animals.

Training Protocol

Clean the apparatus before and after every trial. To measure grip strength, gently lift the subject by the tail such that its fore paws or hind paws can grasp onto the steel grip. Gently pull the subject away from the apparatus by the tail until it releases its grip. Allow at least a one-minute resting period in between trials. Perform at least 3 trials per subject.

Evaluation of grip strength in obese Wistar rats

Coradinia et al., 2015 assessed the functionality of monosodium glutamate (MSG) induced obese Wistar rats. Subjects were grouped as MSG-treated, MSG-treated with right median nerve compression, and MSG-treated with injury and treated with swimming overload. A counter-control group for each of the MSG-treated groups was also used. The group with swimming treatment received progressive durations of treatment (20, 30, and 40 minutes) for three weeks. Subjects were then tested on days 3, 7, 14, and 21 postoperative for muscular grip strength. It was observed that the control and the obese group showed better grip than the other groups. This suggested that swimming treatment, in MSG-treated and control groups, was ineffective in promoting muscle grip strength in compression-induced injury.

Evaluation of effects of Vitamin D deficiency and deletion of Vitamin D receptors

Girgis et al., 2015 studied the effects of Vitamin D deficiency and Vitamin D receptor deletion on the grip strengths of rodents. For their study, they used whole-body Vitamin D receptor knockout (VDRKO) mice and C57BL6 mice that were maintained on rescue chow and a vitamin D-deplete diet or a vitamin D-control diet (after 3 weeks on regular chow) respectively. The animals were tested for their grip strength, the results of which revealed that VDRKO mice were significantly weaker than the wild-type controls (grip strength reduced from 43% at 2 months age to 48% at 3 months age). A similar observation was made in the Vitamin D deficient versus replete group. Vitamin D deficient mice showed an increase of grip weakness from 15% to 25%, at 2 months and 3 months of age respectively, in comparison to Vitamin D replete group.

Evaluation of Rapamycin effects on grip strength

Xue et al., 2016 evaluated the effects of Rapamycin on low-capacity runner (LCR) rats. Male and female LCR rats were divided into two groups, of which the treatment group received rapamycin-containing diet pellets (approximately 2.24mg/kg body weight per day) and the remaining were served a placebo diet for 6 months. On testing for grip strength, the effect of rapamycin was quite evident. Results showed an improvement in grip strength by 13% and 60% in female and male LCR rats, respectively, as compared to the baseline values.

Data Analysis

The Grip Strength apparatus is used to measure the subject’s ability to hold on via its forelimbs or hindlimbs as it is pulled away from the apparatus. The following data can be recorded using the apparatus for the Grip Strength task.

  • Average tensile force
  • Duration of grip
  • Tensile force

Strengths & Limitations

Strengths

The Grip Strength test provides a measure of the subject’s muscular strength. Changes in grip strength can be conclusive of motor toxicity. The Grip Strength test can be used to assess the effects of different drugs on muscle function and even in evaluating pain. The effects of diet restriction can also be observed using this test. The simplicity of the task makes it ideal and effective in grip strength assessment. The software component of the apparatus helps eliminate operational errors in time, eliminate false values ​​and improve the authenticity of the data. The two different sizes of grip plates allow testing of both rats and mice on the same device.

Limitations

An important factor in the Grip Strength test is the proper placement of the subject. Inexperienced experimenters may have difficulty placing the subject appropriately on the device. Consistent techniques are vital to achieving accurate data. Factors such as the handling of the subject, diet restrictions, weight, and changes in sensory and other nonmotor functions can have a significant impact on the performance. Over-testing the subject may lead to muscle fatigue. Thus, it is important to allow appropriate resting periods between each test.

Summary & Key Points

  • Grip Strength is used to assess neuromuscular function and muscular strength.
  • Grip strength is measured as the peak amount of force that is required to make the subject release its grip.
  • The Grip Strength test is part of the functional observational battery (FOB) to examine neurobehavioral toxicity.
  • Changes in grip strength are indicative of motor neurotoxicity.

References

  1. Cabe, P. A., Tilson, H. A., Mitchell, C. L. & Dennis, R. A simple recording grip strength devicePharmacol Biochem Behav 8, 101–102 (1978).
  2. Coradinia JG, Kakihata CM, Kunz RI, Errero TK, Bonfleur ML, Bertolini GR (2015). Article in Portuguese. [Evaluation of grip strength in normal and obese Wistar rats submitted to swimming with overload after median nerve compression]. Rev Bras Reumatol. 55(1):43-7. doi: 10.1016/j.rbr.2014.08.003.
  3. Girgis CM, Cha KM, Houweling PJ, Rao R, Mokbel N, Lin M, Clifton-Bligh RJ, Gunton JE (2015). Vitamin D Receptor Ablation and Vitamin D Deficiency Result in Reduced Grip Strength, Altered Muscle Fibers, and Increased Myostatin in Mice. Calcif Tissue Int. 97(6):602-10. doi: 10.1007/s00223-015-0054-x.
  4. Maurissen JP, Marable BR, Andrus AK, Stebbins KE (2003). Factors affecting grip strength testing. Neurotoxicol Teratol. 25(5):543-53.
  5. Meyer OA, Tilson HA, Byrd WC, Riley MT. A method for the routine assessment of fore- and hindlimb grip strength of rats and mice. Neurobehav Toxicol. 1979 Fall;1(3):233-6. PMID: 551317.
  6. Xue QL, Yang H, Li HF, Abadir PM, Burks TN, Koch LG, Britton SL, Carlson J, Chen L, Walston JD, Leng SX (2016). Rapamycin increases grip strength and attenuates age-related decline in maximal running distance in old low capacity runner rats. Aging (Albany NY). 2016 Apr;8(4):769-76. doi: 10.18632/aging.100929.