- Results from a new study purpose that the bacterial resistance to antibiotics is increasing.
- The extent of resistance differs from country to country. This is made obvious through the analysis of 1,232 patients from 18 European countries.
- If the increase in antibiotics resistance continues the side effects can be potentially devastating for the general population.
- The increase in antibiotic resistance will also jeopardize prevention strategies and treatment plans.
About the Research
Resistance to antibiotics is becoming a serious concern for medical research, this is because it is complicating the treatment procedure. The research team working on this project wants to determine what is the actual extent of this increase. These findings were presented at UEG Week Barcelona 2019 by Professor Francis Megraud.
Bacterial Resistance to Antibiotics: A Cross-Country Study
The research team working on this study wants to determine how much is the resistance to antibiotics increasing. However, for the purpose of this study they did not concentrate on one country but on 18 European Union members. They are Southern Italy, Croatia, Greece, Poland, Bulgaria, Ireland, Austria, France, Germany, Portugal, Belgium, Spain, Slovenia, Lithuania, Netherlands, Norway, Latvia, and Denmark. Furthermore, the researchers look at the results from patients that take medication for different stomach conditions brought on by bacteria.
Bacterial resistance occurs when the microorganism develops a mechanism to combat the effect of the medication. When this happens, the medication has no effect on the bacterial infection and this can cause serious medical issues. Furthermore, the last twenty years show a steady increase in the resistance to antibiotics. For instance, the resistance of Helicobacter pylori was 9,9% in 1998 and 21,6% in 2018.
The researchers also consider how the resistance to medication varies in different countries and why this happens. For the antibiotic clarithromycin, the resistance is highest in Italy (39.9%), Croatia (34.6%), and Greece (30%). Researchers believe this is because the general population in those countries miss-use antibiotics. That is, they take antibiotics as medication for the flue and seasonal fewer, often as a form of self-medication.
If you have an interest in new research on bacteria check out this news article about the typhoid toxin.
- The results of this study come from European countries. Findings from other continents need consideration before a global picture of bacterial resistance to antibiotics is possible.