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Biomolecules

Biomolecules
Biomolecules

Amino Acids: Building Blocks of Proteins

Introduction and History Amino acids are organic compounds consisting of carbon, hydrogen, and nitrogen. They are monomers or building blocks of proteins. Proteins are one of the major biomolecules required for the proper functioning of living organisms. Moreover, they are the first biomolecules that were first recognized for their biological roles in organisms than the other biomolecules including carbohydrates, nucleic

Biomolecules
Biomolecules

Polysaccharides: Properties, Functions, and Applications

Introduction Polysaccharides are long-chain polymers of monosaccharide units, joined together by glycosidic linkages. They are also known as glycans. They are the most abundant carbohydrates found in food. Carbohydrates are vital macromolecules required for the essential functions of organisms. They are classified into the following three classes depending on two criteria, whether they undergo hydrolysis, and if they do, the

Biomolecules
Biomolecules

Mutarotation: Definition, Mechanism, and Examples

Introduction The phenomenon of mutarotation was discovered in 1846 while a scientist was learning about the properties of glucose, a carbohydrate. Carbohydrates are the most abundant biological molecule on Earth. They are a vital part of people’s healthy diet and perform functions essential to life. Glucose and fructose are the main sources of energy supplied to the body. Ribose and

Biomolecules
Biomolecules

Biomolecules: Types and Functions

Introduction The human body is composed of roughly 30 trillion cells that collectively perform the essential functions of life. The cells can perform these life-sustaining tasks with the help of several organic molecules present in them. These organic molecules are referred to as biomolecules. The biomolecules have a wide range of sizes and structures, and they are involved in a

tRNA Mutations
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sgRNA construction and design

Clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR) technology is a rapid, cheap, and efficient tool to edit genomes at a precise location. CRISPR technology has now been reduced to just two components: Endonuclease and g RNA. Endonuclease makes an incision at the target DNA molecule to be edited, and gRNA is a single-stranded synthetic 20 nucleotide sequence complementary to the

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Pre-market Approval for Medical Devices

US is the largest market for medical devices, worth approximately $156 billion (as of 2017), and is expected to reach $208 billion by 2023. Given these numbers, it’s no surprise that high-risk medical devices must undergo strict regulatory and approval processes. One of them is the pre-market approval (PMA) for medical devices. The pre-market approval for high-risk medical devices guarantees

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Science and Foreign Affairs: A Global Consolidation for a Better World

From climate change policies to pandemic preparedness plans, foreign relations impact people on an individual, national, and global levels. The world of international affairs is, in fact, a mixture of politics, culture, economics, and innovations, with science and technology being two of the main factors in improving multinational relations.  Whether utilized to improve healthcare services or cybersecurity, scientific discoveries and

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Laboratory Techniques

Introduction to Electrophoresis

As an Amazon Associate, ConductScience Inc. earns revenue from qualifying purchases Electrophoresis is a technique that separates molecules in their liquid state, based on their ability to move in an electric field. The various forms and types of electrophoresis have become the leading methods of the analysis of biomolecules in biochemistry and molecular biology, including genetic materials such as DNA