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Carbohydrates

Biomolecules
Biomolecules

Structure, Classification, and Functions of Carbohydrates

Introduction Living organisms require biomolecules for several biological processes like energy storage and regulation of their metabolic cycles. Among all, carbohydrates, nucleic acids, lipids, and proteins are the four major biomolecules (or macromolecules) that are mainly involved in these biological processes. The functions of carbohydrates are essential for life in all organisms, from microorganisms to plants and humans. They are

Biomolecules
Biomolecules

Polysaccharides: Properties, Functions, and Applications

Introduction Polysaccharides are long-chain polymers of monosaccharide units, joined together by glycosidic linkages. They are also known as glycans. They are the most abundant carbohydrates found in food. Carbohydrates are vital macromolecules required for the essential functions of organisms. They are classified into the following three classes depending on two criteria, whether they undergo hydrolysis, and if they do, the