Autoclaves use high-pressure steam to kill bacteria, viruses, and other microorganisms and are commonly used in scientific research, medical facilities, and other settings where sterile conditions are required.
Laboratory autoclaves consist of a chamber that is heated by steam, a pressure gauge, and a timer. To use the autoclave, the materials to be sterilized are placed in the chamber and the chamber is sealed. The autoclave is then heated to a high temperature, typically 121-134°C, and the pressure is increased to create steam. The steam is circulated throughout the chamber to sterilize the materials, and the process is typically completed in 20-30 minutes.
Laboratory autoclaves are an essential tool for maintaining sterile conditions in a laboratory setting and are widely used in a variety of scientific and medical research and diagnostic applications.