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Human Sex Chromosomes

Nucleic Acid Quantification Protocols
Laboratory Techniques

Human Sex Chromosomes and X-inactivation

Introduction Chromosomes are thread-like structures, located in the nucleus, which carry hereditary information in the form of genes. Structurally, it is composed of ‘packaging proteins and DNA molecules’, and it is represented in different shapes and numbers which vary among different living organisms. For example, bacteria have circular chromosomes, whereas organisms like humans and other animals have linear chromosomes (humans